As one of Maharashtra’s fast developing metropolises, Pune has no dearth of transportation and connectivity. Well-knit of roadways, railways and airways connect the city with the rest of India and major destinations around the globe. Its location and proximity to India’s financial capital – Mumbai greatly aids trade and commerce. The Mumbai-Pune Expressway is India’s first six-lane concrete, high-speed, access controlled expressway that spans a distance of 94.5 kilometers and facilitates fast and safer connectivity with Mumbai.
The Government of Maharashtra announced in October 2016 that Purandar, approximately 1.5 hours from the city, will serve as the city’s new international airport. Currently, Pune hosts numerous international flights to and from Dubai, Singapore and Frankfurt, and domestic flights to all the major Indian metros.
The nearest international airport is Mumbai (formerly Bombay), which offers more flight schedule options.
Pune is also major railway junction with excellent connectivity tremendous train traffic all year round.
From ports to air, Pune is efficiently connected to every corner of the country.
Pune has excellent road connectivity to various cities and states in the country through national and state highways. National Highway 4 (NH 4) connects the city to Mumbai, Kolhapur, Goa and Bangalore. NH 9 connects to Hyderabad, and NH 50 connects to the grape-city of Nashik. The state highways connect Pune to Aurangabad, Ahmednagar and Alandi.
Two intra-city highways – National Highway 4’s part Katraj-Dehu Road Bypass and old Pune-Mumbai Highway – serve the road transportation requirements of the city itself . NH 50 that connects Nashik City and Pune will be part of Nashik-Pune-Mumbai, which is popularly called as the golden triangle.
Pune is very well connected with Mumbai with the Mumbai Pune expressway that spans over 94.5 kilometers. It is a six lane high-speed expressway that reduces the Mumbai-Pune travel time to almost 2 hours.
Pune BRTS lanes run along the Pune Satara road and have over 500 air-conditioned and low-floor buses. Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited (PMPML) operates the local bus service within the city and its suburbs. Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation runs bus services from the main terminals like Shivajinagar, Swargate and Pune station providing smooth connectivity to major towns and cities of Maharashtra and neighboring states.
With students and workers forming a large part of Pune’s population, the city records a high number of two wheelers weaving through its streets. Almost 70% of registered vehicles are two-wheelers, excluding bicycles which do not require registration.
The Pune Railway Station is one of the busiest and oldest railway stations in the Indian Railways. Be it for traveling purposes or the freight corridor, Pune can be reached from distant parts of the country via a well-connected rail network to the city.
Dedicated trains serve a large number of passengers traveling regularly between Pune-Mumbai. Pune Junction is the starting point for local train services to the western industrial corridor of Pimpri, Chinchwad and Talegaon and the eastern corridor towards Hadapsar Loni, Urali and Daund.
Pune Railway Station serves as a halt for south bound trains from Mumbai, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan as the destination for trains to north India.
A bullet train from Pune to Ahmedabad too will soon see the light of the day, and will cover a distance of more than 500 kilometers in 1.5 hours, with a halt at Mumbai.
The JNPT freight corridor has had a significant impact on business opportunities in Pune and its development and propensity for export.
Two Inland Container Depots (ICD), at Talegaon and Dighi respectively, ensure efficient means of import and export in the least amount of time . The Central Government has also announced a dry port which will reduce the extent of paper-work for exporters from the city. This will allow customs paper-work to be completed in Pune before the consignment is shipped out from Mumbai. The three upcoming greenfield ports at Pune will decongest JNPT and Mumbai ports, with a capacity of handling 40 million tons of cargo a year.
Pune currently does not have its own civilian airport and shares its aviation activity with the Indian Air Force at Lohegaon, the air force base in Pune. Nonetheless, this airport hosts a large number of domestic and international flights
The limitation of sharing runways with the Air Force and heightened security concerns have however restricted the growth of air traffic. The presence of large global and multinational firms in the city too has also intensified The need for a separate civilian airport.
As a part of its plan to develop civil aviation infrastructure in the city, the government of Maharashtra has recently allocated 2,400 hectares of land at Purandar, to develop a new airport for Pune city.
The non-availability of slots at Mumbai’s Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (CSIA) may prompt Air India to use Pune as its base to ramp up the regional connectivity in Maharashtra, linking regions such as Nanded, Amravati, Nashik and Shirdi.
The proposed airport will open the gateway for business in Pune, boosting interest by many more domestic and international conglomerates to set up oeprations here, in turn giving a massive boost to evolving business opportunities in Pune.
Air Traffic (2013)
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